bouncing universes, creation of the universe, singularity, space exploration, universe

Do ‘Bouncing Universes’ Have a Beginning?

 In trying to understand the nature of the cosmos, some theorists propose that the universe expands and contracts in endless cycles called “bouncing universes.” Because this behavior is hypothesized to be perpetual, the universe should have no beginning and no end — only eternal cycles of growing and shrinking that extend forever into the future, ...

Troy Oakes

Bouncing universes have no beginning and no end.