china, debt trap, free and open indo-pacific, japan

Japan Provides Alternative to Chinese International Debt Trap

While China’s Belt and Road Initiate (BRI) has been hogging global headlines, Japan has been promoting its Free and Open Indo-Pacific (FOIP) project under the radar. Seen as a competitor to BRI, FOIP has the backing of the U.S. government and seeks to counter Beijing’s global influence. Unlike in the BRI, where infrastructure projects are ...

Max Lu

Shinzo Abe.