copernican principle, outer space, universe

Science Communicators Need to Stop Telling Everybody the Universe Is a Meaningless Void

The scientific worldview has made great contributions to humanity’s flourishing. However, as science advances into territory once firmly held by religion — attempting to answer questions about the origins of the universe, life, and consciousness — science communication often paints a fairly pessimistic picture of the world. Take a few examples. An article in New ...

Troy Oakes

A galaxy in the universe.

Galactic Odyssey: Exploring the Timeless Wonders of the Milky Way

In the grand tapestry of the cosmos, there exists a celestial wonder that has captured the imagination of humanity for eons — the Milky Way. Spanning vast stretches of the night sky, this cosmic masterpiece is more than just a distant spiral of stars. The Milky Way is humanity’s heavenly home, a beacon of mystery ...

Viena Abdon

A woman looking up at the Milky Way.

A New Theory Suggests the Universe Has Been Around Twice as Long as Believed

Early universe observations by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) cannot be explained by current cosmological models. These models estimate the universe to be 13.8 billion years in age, based on the Big Bang expanding universe concept. My research proposes a model that determines the universe’s age to be 26.7 billion years, which accounts for ...

Troy Oakes

Galaxy NGC 6822.

How Fast Is the Universe Really Expanding?

How did we get here? Where are we going? And how long will it take? These questions are as old as humanity itself, and, if they’ve already been asked by other species elsewhere in the Universe, potentially very much older than that. They are also some of the fundamental questions we are trying to answer ...

Troy Oakes

Galaxy clusters and light shining in space.

How Giant Baby Galaxies are Shaking up our Understanding of the Early Universe

“Look at this,” says Erica’s message. She is poring over the very first images from the brand-new James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) of galaxies in the distant universe. It is July 2022, barely a week after those first images from the revolutionary super telescope were released. Twenty-five years in the making, a hundred to a ...

Troy Oakes

Six candidate assive galaxies.

What are Gravitational Waves?

To answer what gravitational waves are, we must travel back in time to 1916. This was the year famous physicist Albert Einstein published his general theory of relativity. Einstein had figured out how to explain gravity within the Universe using maths. Gravity is the force that keeps us on Earth and Earth orbiting around the ...

Troy Oakes

Gravitational waves produced by two orbiting black hole.

Do ‘Bouncing Universes’ Have a Beginning?

 In trying to understand the nature of the cosmos, some theorists propose that the universe expands and contracts in endless cycles called “bouncing universes.” Because this behavior is hypothesized to be perpetual, the universe should have no beginning and no end — only eternal cycles of growing and shrinking that extend forever into the future, ...

Troy Oakes

Bouncing universes have no beginning and no end.

Astronomers Are Helping Find the Missing Universe

Astronomers at the University of Toronto have spotted some of the most elusive stuff in our universe by taking a deep look at the cosmic web, the network of filaments and knots that trace the large-scale distribution of galaxies. Even though galaxies produce most of the visible light in the universe, they contain fewer than ...

Troy Oakes

The Cosmic Web.

Was There a Big Bang?

I’m sure most people have heard of the Big Bang Theory, and how that was the very beginning of the universe. Physicists Ahmed Farag Ali and Saurya Das are not so convinced. With their new model that has quantum correction terms that complement Einstein’s Theory of General Relativity, it shows that the universe has existed forever. The model also takes into ...

Troy Oakes

Combined NASA images simulating the idea of the Big Bang.

New Clues to Why There’s so Little Antimatter in the Universe

Why is there so little antimatter in the universe? Imagine a dust particle in a storm cloud, and you can get an idea of a neutron’s insignificance compared to the magnitude of the molecule it inhabits. But just as a dust mote might affect a cloud’s track, a neutron can influence the energy of its ...

Troy Oakes

A radioactive molecule.